Gendering the Gentrification of Public Housing: HOPE VI's Disparate Impact on Lowest-Income African American Women

29 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2019 Last revised: 24 Sep 2020

Date Written: September 1, 2006

Abstract

HOPE VI must have seemed so promising. When, in 1992, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) introduced the program later dubbed "HOPE VI," replacing the country's worst public housing projects with mixed-income, mixed-use, low-density new developments while providing targeted social services to low-income residents must have seemed like a worthy pursuit indeed. America's most run-down, crime-ridden, and poverty-plagued residential properties could be transformed into "human-scale" New Urbanist streetscapes, aesthetically continuous with surrounding areas, that would inspire pride and community in their residents. Perhaps most importantly, HOPE VI's required social service component might have seemed, at last, to recognize certain structural aspects of poverty by providing holistic support services--to include health care, day care, job-training, and transportation--to public housing residents. And, with federal grants of up to $50 million to each project selected, intended to be used to leverage private, philanthropic, and other public financing that can increase the capital available for a given project by several times, the program might have seemed sufficiently well-funded to make good on these promises.

Twelve years on, HOPE VI was a mixed blessing.

Keywords: HUD, HOPE VI, Public Housing, Poverty, Gentrification, Mixed Use, Housing, Race, Gender, African American, Black

Suggested Citation

Pelfrey Duryea, Danielle, Gendering the Gentrification of Public Housing: HOPE VI's Disparate Impact on Lowest-Income African American Women (September 1, 2006). Danielle Pelfrey Duryea, Gendering the Gentrification of Public Housing: HOPE VI's Disparate Impact on Lowest-Income African American Women, 13 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law Policy 156 (2006), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2588110

Danielle Pelfrey Duryea (Contact Author)

Boston University - School of Law ( email )

765 Commonwealth Avenue
Boston, MA 02215
United States

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