Affirmative Actions for Women Empowerment in India: Assessing Impact of Social Protection on Women Empowerment, Fertility & Welfare
39 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2015
Date Written: April 3, 2015
We examine the effect of social schemes in India on women empowerment, fertility & female welfare. The balancing between ‘Men’ and ‘Women’ is sine qua non for sustainability of human race. The present world scenario is tilted in favour of men endangering sustainability of human race. The angle of this tilt might vary from one society to another but majorly it is unbalanced. This hinders social, economic and political participation of women; an important half of world population. For sustainable social and economic development, participation of women in political process is indispensable. There are many reasons for non-participation ranging from sheer ignorance and helplessness to apathy towards it. But without ensuring active participation of this 'half' in political & economic process, sustainable and cohesive society is a day dreaming. Legislation and legal provisions are instruments to create enabling environment for women to participate in political process and economy. Empowerment flows from rights. This paper critically analyze pro-women legislations if has acted for the purposes they were enacted. The Directive Principles of Constitutional Law of India empowers government to create exceptions in principle of equality and frame affirmative action plan for the socio-economic welfare of the women. Article 39 provides equality between men & women in opportunities, wages and treatment. Article 42 provides that the State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.
Keywords: Women empowerment, affirmative actions, Women welfare in India
JEL Classification: I00, Z00
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation