Transparency, Liberalization, and Financial Crisis
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI); The Brookings Institution
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2286
Lack of transparency increases the probability of a banking crisis following financial liberalization. In a country where government policy is not transparent, banks may tend to increase credit above the optimal level.
Mehrez and Kaufmann investigate how transparency affects the probability of a financial crisis.
They construct a model in which banks cannot distinguish between aggregate shocks and government policy, on the one hand, and firms' quality, on the other. Banks may therefore overestimate firms' returns and increase credit above the level that would be optimal given the firms' returns.
Once banks discover their large exposure, they are likely to roll over loans rather than declare their losses. This delays the crisis but increases its magnitude.
The empirical evidence, based on data for 56 countries in 1977-97, supports this theoretical model. The authors find that lack of transparency increases the probability of a crisis following financial liberalization. This implies that countries should focus on increasing transparency of economic activity and government policy, as well as increasing transparency in the financial sector, particularly during a period of transition such as financial liberalization.
This paper - a product of Governance, Regulation, and Finance, World Bank Institute - is part of a larger effort in the institute to research governance and transparency and apply the findings in learning and operational programs. (For details, visit www.worldbank.org/wbi/gac.) The authors may be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
JEL Classification: E6, F02, F30, F4, G00, G14, G15, G18, G38, H0
Date posted: March 27, 2001