Filling the Legal Void? Experimental Evidence from a Community-Based Legal Aid Program for Gender-Equal Land Rights in Tanzania

64 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2015

See all articles by Valerie Mueller

Valerie Mueller

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Lucy Billings

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Tewodaj Mogues

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Amber Peterman

UNICEF - Innocenti Research Centre

Ayala Wineman

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics

Date Written: April 3, 2015

Abstract

Gender disparities continue to exist in women’s control, inheritance, and ownership of land in spite of legislation directing improvements in women’s land access. Women are often excluded from traditional patrilineal inheritance systems, often lack the legal know-how or enforcement mechanisms to ensure their property rights are maintained, and often lack initial capital or asset bases to purchase land through market mechanisms. Community-based legal aid programs have been promoted as one way to expand access to justice for marginalized populations, through provision of free legal aid and education. Despite promising programmatic experiences, few rigorous evaluations have studied their impacts in developing countries. We evaluate the effect of a one-year community-based legal aid program in the Kagera Region of northwestern Tanzania using a randomized controlled trial design with specific attention to gender. We measure impacts of access to legal aid on a range of land-related knowledge, attitude, and practice outcomes using individual questionnaires administered to male and female household members separately. Effects were limited in the short term to settings with minimal transaction costs to the paralegal. Treatment women in smaller villages attend legal seminars and are more knowledgeable and positive regarding their legal access to land. Cost-effectiveness analysis shows that the costs of bringing about these changes are moderate. The difference between the impact of the intervention on men and on women is narrowed when taking into account the gender-differentiated paralegal effort, and thus costs, allocated to women and men.

Keywords: Land Rights; Land Ownership; Gender; Women; Assets; Community Organizations; Inheritance of Property

Suggested Citation

Mueller, Valerie and Billings, Lucy and Mogues, Tewodaj and Peterman, Amber and Wineman, Ayala, Filling the Legal Void? Experimental Evidence from a Community-Based Legal Aid Program for Gender-Equal Land Rights in Tanzania (April 3, 2015). IFPRI Discussion Paper 1434, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2591570 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2591570

Valerie Mueller (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Lucy Billings

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.ifpri.org

Tewodaj Mogues

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Amber Peterman

UNICEF - Innocenti Research Centre ( email )

Piazza SS.Annuziata, 12
Florence, I-50122
Italy

Ayala Wineman

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics ( email )

MI
United States

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