Factors Influencing Hybrid Rice Adoption: A Bangladesh Case

17 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2015

See all articles by Khondoker Mottaleb

Khondoker Mottaleb

International Rice Research Institute - Agricultural Economics, Social Sciences Division

Samarendu Mohanty

Texas Tech University - Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics; International Rice Research Institute - Agricultural Economics, Social Sciences Division

Andrew Nelson

International Rice Research Institute - Agricultural Economics, Social Sciences Division

Date Written: April 2015

Abstract

As rice constitutes the major share in cereal consumption in South and East Asian countries that ranges from as low as 40 per cent in India to 97 per cent in Myanmar, to ensure food security, governments in these countries are encouraging farmers to adopt hybrid rice. This is mainly because hybrid rice provides a yield gain of 15–20 per cent over conventionally bred varieties in general. Yet, despite strenuous government efforts, farmers’ adoption rates have remained low in India, Bangladesh and Vietnam compared with China. Although studies often claim that higher seed costs and inferior grain quality are the major factors limiting hybrid rice adoption, very few studies examine the importance of socio‐economic factors and infrastructure in the adoption of hybrid rice. Using Bangladesh as a case, a comparative analysis has been made on the adoption of hybrid and modern varieties relative to traditional rice varieties and land allocation to these varieties. Econometric results indicate that general land characteristics, loan facilities and general infrastructure, such as roads, irrigation facilities and the availability of government‐approved seed dealers, significantly influence the adoption of hybrid and modern rice varieties and land allocation to these varieties compared with traditional varieties.

Keywords: adoption, farm households, hybrid rice, infrastructure, modern variety

Suggested Citation

Mottaleb, Khondoker and Mohanty, Samarendu and Nelson, Andrew, Factors Influencing Hybrid Rice Adoption: A Bangladesh Case (April 2015). Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Vol. 59, Issue 2, pp. 258-274, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2591677 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8489.12060

Khondoker Mottaleb (Contact Author)

International Rice Research Institute - Agricultural Economics, Social Sciences Division ( email )

LosBaños
Laguna
Philippines

Samarendu Mohanty

Texas Tech University - Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics ( email )

Suite 167, 2625 Memorial Circle
TTU Administration
Lubbock, TX 79409
United States

International Rice Research Institute - Agricultural Economics, Social Sciences Division ( email )

LosBaños
Laguna
Philippines

Andrew Nelson

International Rice Research Institute - Agricultural Economics, Social Sciences Division

LosBaños
Laguna
Philippines

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