Relative Assistance to Australian Agriculture and Manufacturing Since Federation

12 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2015

See all articles by Peter Lloyd

Peter Lloyd

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics

Donald MacLaren

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 2015

Abstract

This paper quantifies the levels of assistance received by producers of the major agricultural crops and animal products in Australia since Federation and compares this with the level of assistance provided to manufacturing producers. First, we construct a series of the production‐weighted average nominal rate of assistance for the whole sector. Then, we compute a measure of the level of assistance received by the Agriculture sector relative to that received by the Manufacturing sector, the Relative Rate of Assistance. Our results show that, from the time of Federation until the 1990s, the economy‐wide pattern of industry assistance discriminated persistently and heavily against the Agriculture sector. The policy of ‘protection all round’ pursued by the Country/National Party did not prevent this discrimination. In particular, producers of exportables, such as wool and wheat, were heavily discriminated against. Both the intersectoral bias and the differences in assistance among agricultural producers lowered the incomes of the Agriculture sector and the national income.

Keywords: assistance to agricultural commodities, discrimination, nominal rate of assistance, relative rate of assistance

Suggested Citation

Lloyd, Peter John and MacLaren, Donald, Relative Assistance to Australian Agriculture and Manufacturing Since Federation (April 2015). Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Vol. 59, Issue 2, pp. 159-170, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2591680 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8489.12070

Peter John Lloyd (Contact Author)

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics ( email )

Melbourne, 3010
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://melbecon.unimelb.edu.au/staffprofile/plloyd/home.html

Donald MacLaren

University of Melbourne - Department of Economics ( email )

Victoria 3010, 3010
Australia
(61) 3 8344-5035 (Phone)
(61) 3 8344-6899 (Fax)

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