Co-Movements of Ethanol Related Prices: Evidence from Brazil and the USA
23 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2015 Last revised: 20 Apr 2015
Date Written: April 1, 2015
We use the wavelet coherence methodology to investigate relations between prices of ethanol and its feedstocks. Our continuous wavelet framework allows for discovering price connections and their evolution in both time and frequency domain in the most important ethanol markets – Brazil and the USA. For both of these markets we show that the long-run relationship between prices of ethanol and corn (in USA) or sugar (in Brazil) is positive, strong and stable in time. Importantly, we show that the prices of feedstock lead the prices of ethanol and not the other way around. The price lead of feedstock is documented for both short and long run horizons. Our qualitative results hold true even when the influence of crude oil prices is accounted for by utilizing partial wavelet coherence approach.
Keywords: ethanol, corn, sugar, oil, wavelet coherence
JEL Classification: C22, Q16, Q42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation