The Origination Clause, the Affordable Care Act, and Indirect Constitutional Violations

42 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2015

See all articles by Tessa Dysart

Tessa Dysart

University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law

Date Written: April 8, 2015

Abstract

The Supreme Court’s opinion in National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, upholding the constitutionality of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) as a permissible exercise of Congress’s taxing power rekindled an old question about the constitutionality of the Act: Was the Act unconstitutional under the Origination Clause? The bill that became the ACA, H.R. 3590, originated in the House as the Service Members Home Ownership Tax Act of 2009. It was gutted by the Senate and replaced with the ACA before being passed and sent back to the House for final passage. The Supreme Court has heard very few cases on the Origination Clause, and Origination Clause challenges have met with little success. Most of these cases have developed over the questions of whether the bill is actually a revenue-raising bill that is constitutionally required to be originate in the House, and, if so, whether the Senate amendments were appropriate. But United States Term Limits v. Thornton provides another angle under which to examine the constitutionality of the ACA: an indirect violation of a constitutional prohibition. In this Article, I will provide an overview of the ACA’s passage and analyze it through the lenses of traditional Origination Clause arguments and the Term Limits approach.

Keywords: constitutional law, origination clause

JEL Classification: I18

Suggested Citation

Dysart, Tessa, The Origination Clause, the Affordable Care Act, and Indirect Constitutional Violations (April 8, 2015). Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2592116

Tessa Dysart (Contact Author)

University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 210176
Tucson, AZ 85721-0176
United States
(520) 626-3698 (Phone)

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