Household Electrification, Fertility and Employment: Evidence from the Colombian Censuses

52 Pages Posted: 11 Apr 2015 Last revised: 1 Nov 2017

See all articles by Louise Grogan

Louise Grogan

University of Guelph - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 9, 2015

Abstract

This paper examines how household electrification in Colombia altered fertility, women's work behaviour, and children's schooling. Estimation exploits plausibly exogenous variation in the cost of a household electric connection. The time-varying distance between a municipality and the nearest hydroelectric dam is assumed to not directly impact socio-economic outcomes, but to influence electrification rates during 1973-2005. Changes within municipalities in dam distance are used to predict changes in electrification rates in specifications including both department fixed effects with extensive municipal controls, and municipal fixed effects. Household electrification is found to have reduced fertility, and to have increased young children's schooling, but to not have had measurable self- or waged-employment effects.

Keywords: technology, time use, fertility, electricity, schooling, employment, dam distance, Colombia

JEL Classification: H41, I2, O12, O5, R11

Suggested Citation

Grogan, Louise A., Household Electrification, Fertility and Employment: Evidence from the Colombian Censuses (April 9, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2592498 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2592498

Louise A. Grogan (Contact Author)

University of Guelph - Department of Economics ( email )

50 Stone Road East
Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1
Canada

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
90
rank
277,640
Abstract Views
451
PlumX Metrics