Book Review: Neoclassical Realism, the State, and Foreign Policy

Diplomacy and Statecraft, Forthcoming

2 Pages Posted: 11 Apr 2015 Last revised: 14 Jun 2017

See all articles by Jodok Troy

Jodok Troy

University of Innsbruck; Stanford University

Date Written: April 10, 2015


There are, as the editors of Neoclassical Realism, the State, and Foreign Policy hold, questions of international relations and foreign policies that cannot be answered by dominant theories such as Neorealism or Liberalism. These theories do not investigate domestic variables, or, in the words of Kenneth Waltz, they tend to ignore the "second image" — the state (as well as man, the "first image") — and focus primarily on the "third image," the international system. The heterogeneous approach of so-called Neoclassical Realism sets out to address the other two "images" as well, particularly that of the state. They do so while examining the domestic political system, state and national resources, while at the same time emphasizing the prominent role of the foreign policy executive. Neoclassical Realist theories are thus theories of foreign policy, not international outcomes.

Suggested Citation

Troy, Jodok, Book Review: Neoclassical Realism, the State, and Foreign Policy (April 10, 2015). Diplomacy and Statecraft, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN:

Jodok Troy (Contact Author)

University of Innsbruck ( email )

Universitätsstraße 15
Innsbruck, Innsbruck 6020
+43(0)512.507.2849 (Fax)


Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States


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