Productivity Effects of Air Pollution: Evidence from Professional Soccer

29 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2015

See all articles by Andreas Lichter

Andreas Lichter

IZA

Nico Pestel

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Eric Sommer

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

In this paper, we estimate the causal effect of ambient air pollution on individuals' productivity by using panel data on the universe of professional soccer players in Germany over the period 1999-2011. Combining this data with hourly information on the concentration of particulate matter in spatial proximity to each stadium at the time of kickoff, we exploit exogenous variation in the players' exposure to air pollution due to match scheduling rules that are beyond the control of teams and players. Our analysis shows negative and non-linear effects of air pollution on short-run productivity. We further find that the effect increases with age and is stronger in case players face an additional physical burden.

Keywords: air pollution, productivity, soccer, sports data, Germany

JEL Classification: J24, Q51, Q53

Suggested Citation

Lichter, Andreas and Pestel, Nico and Sommer, Eric, Productivity Effects of Air Pollution: Evidence from Professional Soccer. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8964. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2593254

Andreas Lichter (Contact Author)

IZA ( email )

No Address Available

Nico Pestel

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Eric Sommer

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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