The Role of Bank Capital in Bank Holding Companies’ Decisions
38 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2015
Date Written: March 2015
This paper examines the role of bank capital in decision-making by bank holding companies (BHCs) in the United States. Following Chami and Cosimano’s (2001) call option approach to bank capital, BHCs optimally choose the amount of capital to insure the bank against becoming capital constrained in the future. We provide empirical support for this model, and find that a higher optimal level of capital leads to higher loan rates. Furthermore, higher loan rates result in lower amounts of lending. Thus, an increase in capital requirements is likely to lead to higher loan rates and a significant reduction in lending.
Keywords: Banks, United States, Bank capital, Panel analysis, Vector autoregression, Bank holding companies, capital constraints, loans, interest, equity, lending, value, risk, capital requirements, interest rates
JEL Classification: E50, G20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation