Smart Beta: Managing Diversification of Minimum Variance Portfolios
27 Pages Posted: 18 Apr 2015 Last revised: 20 Apr 2015
Date Written: March 2015
In this article, we consider a new framework to understand risk-based portfolios (GMV, EW, ERC and MDP). This framework is similar to the constrained minimum variance model of Jurczenko et al. (2013), but with another definition of the diversification constraint. The corresponding optimization problem can then be solved using the CCD algorithm. This allows us to extend the results of Cazalet et al. (2014) and to better understand the trade-off relationships between volatility reduction, tracking error and risk diversification. In particular, we show that the smart beta portfolios differ because they implicitly target different levels of volatility reduction. We also develop new smart beta strategies by managing the level of volatility reduction and show that they present appealing properties compared with the traditional risk-based portfolios.
Keywords: Smart beta, risk-based allocation, minimum variance portfolio, GMV, EW, ERC, MDP, portfolio optimization, CCD algorithm
JEL Classification: C61, G11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation