Identifying Foreign Suppliers in U.S. Merchandise Import Transactions

47 Pages Posted: 21 Apr 2015

See all articles by Fariha Kamal

Fariha Kamal

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census

C.J. Krizan

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census

Ryan Monarch

Federal Reserve Board

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 01, 2015

Abstract

The availability of international trade transactions data capturing individual relationships between buyers and suppliers permits the answering of numerous new questions governing the economic activity of traders. In this paper, we explore the reliability of two-sided firm trade transactions data sourced from the United States by comparing the number of foreign suppliers from U.S. merchandise import transaction data to origin-country data. We find that the statistic derived from the origin-country data, on average, tends to be 20 percent lower than using the raw U.S. data. Guided by this finding, we propose and implement a set of methods that are capable of aligning the counts more closely from these two different data sources. Overall, our analysis presents broad support for the use of U.S. merchandise import transactions data to study buyer-supplier relationships in international trade.

Suggested Citation

Kamal, Fariha and Krizan, C.J. and Monarch, Ryan, Identifying Foreign Suppliers in U.S. Merchandise Import Transactions (April 01, 2015). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP- 15-11. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2596589 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2596589

Fariha Kamal (Contact Author)

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census ( email )

4600 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233
United States

C.J. Krizan

Government of the United States of America - Bureau of the Census ( email )

4600 Silver Hill Road
Washington, DC 20233-9100
United States

Ryan Monarch

Federal Reserve Board ( email )

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20551
United States

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