Immunization and Hedging of Longevity Risk
39 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2015
Date Written: April 21, 2015
Pension funds and life insurers offering annuities hold long term liabilities linked to longevity. Risk management of life annuity portfolios aims to immunize or hedge both interest rate and mortality risks. Standard fixed interest duration-convexity hedging must be adapted to allow for both interest rate and longevity risk. We develop an immunization approach along with a delta-gamma based approach allowing for both risks incorporating models for mortality and interest rate risk. The immunization and hedge effectiveness of fixed-income coupon bonds, annuity bonds, as well as longevity bonds, is compared and assessed using simulations of portfolio surplus outcomes for an annuity portfolio. Fixed-income annuity bonds can more effectively match cash flows and provide additional hedge effectiveness over coupon bonds. Longevity bonds, including deferred longevity bonds, reduce risk significantly compared to coupon and annuity bonds, reflecting the long duration of the typical life annuity and the exposure to longevity risk. Longevity bonds are shown to be effective in immunizing surplus over short and long horizons. Delta gamma hedging is shown to only be effective over short horizons.
Keywords: immunization, hedging, delta, gamma, longevity bond
JEL Classification: G11, G22, C61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation