Four Views of the Citadel: The Consequential Distinction between Secularity and Secularism
Religion & Human Rights, Vol. 6, 2011
16 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2015 Last revised: 10 Jun 2015
Date Written: 2011
In this article I want to suggest that there is an important, perhaps critical distinction between secularity and secularism -- in particlular, that one concept is a fundamental component of liberal pluralism and a bastion against religious extremism, and that the other is a misguided, even dangerous, ideology that may degenerate into its own dystopian fundamentalism. As a means of advancing this suggestion, I propose to view the distinction between secularity and secularism from four vantage points, each of which I will call a view of the citadel.
Keywords: religion, secularism, secularity, fundamentalism, religious freedom, laicite, pluralism
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation