How Incomplete Information of Team Member Contributions Affects Subsequent Contributions: The Moderating Role of Social Value Orientation
40 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2015 Last revised: 9 Jul 2020
Date Written: June 16, 2020
We examine the effect that information of team member contributions to team production and individuals’ social value orientation (SVO) have on subsequent team contributions. Specifically, we evaluate how proselfs and prosocials differently respond in their subsequent team contributions to the type of information about team member contributions – input (i.e., time contributed) compared to output (i.e., completed units contributed). We find that proselfs provide lower subsequent contributions following input information of team member contributions compared to output information, due to input information being used to opportunistically justify lower contributions. Conversely, we find that prosocials provide higher subsequent contributions following input information compared to output information, due to input information being perceived as more meaningful than output information and prosocials not seeking to be opportunistic. Finally, we demonstrate that proself teams with output information perform as well as prosocial teams with either type of information. These findings provide insight into how information of team member contributions and SVO affect individuals’ subsequent contributions, and how output information can help mitigate proselfs’ tendencies for free riding and improve team performance.
Keywords: Team Contribution, incomplete information, social value orientation
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