Social and Economic Impacts of Rural Road Improvements in the State of Tocantins, Brazil

55 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Atsushi Iimi

Atsushi Iimi

International Monetary Fund (IMF); World Bank

Eric Lancelot

World Bank

Isabela Manelici

World Bank

Satoshi Ogita

World Bank

Date Written: April 23, 2015

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide feedback on the question of socioeconomic benefits from rural road development and the impact of transport infrastructure on the poor, particularly the poorest and the bottom 20 percent of the population. This paper relies on impact evaluation methodologies, which are traditionally used in social sectors but less so in the transport sector. The study, including first surveys, was launched in 2003 under the Tocantins Sustainable Regional Development Project. The paper highlights the context that led to the project?s design, which included an impact evaluation of the works envisaged under the project. The paper also highlights some of the main challenges faced by this impact evaluation and how these challenges were addressed for the present study. It then provides details about the data collected during the surveys and the key relevant characteristics of the population targeted by the surveys. It discusses the possible estimation methods envisioned to undertake the study and provides the main results of the assessment based on these methods. The analysis shows that improved rural roads changed people?s transport modal choice. People used more public buses and individual motorized vehicles after the rural road improvements. The paper also finds that the project increased school attendance, particularly for girls. Although the evidence is relatively weak in statistical terms, it indicates that the project contributed to increasing agricultural jobs and household income in certain regions.

Keywords: Access of Poor to Social Services, Access & Equity in Basic Education, Educational Populations, Education For All, Community Driven Development, Disability, Education for Development (superceded), Services & Transfers to Poor, Community Development and Empowerment, Economic Assistance

Suggested Citation

Iimi, Atsushi and Lancelot, Eric and Manelici, Isabela and Ogita, Satoshi, Social and Economic Impacts of Rural Road Improvements in the State of Tocantins, Brazil (April 23, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7249. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2598360

Atsushi Iimi (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Eric Lancelot

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Isabela Manelici

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Satoshi Ogita

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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