Rural Non-Farm Micro-Entrepreneurship or Not: Gender Issue in Decision Making

22 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2015 Last revised: 26 Apr 2015

See all articles by Bhabesh Hazarika

Bhabesh Hazarika

National Institute of Public Finance and Policy

Kishor Goswami

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Date Written: August 28, 2014

Abstract

The expansion of female intensive sectors due to globalization and trade liberalization engenders ample employment and income opportunities for female and thus female entrepreneurship. Despite an increase in the female entrepreneurship in recent decade, females are still outnumbered in entrepreneurial activities by the male. The determinants that influence the decision to become an entrepreneur substantially differ across gender. Present study provides empirical evidences towards individuals’ entry into rural non-farm micro-entrepreneurship focusing on gender issue. Based on primary data collected in Assam, the study found that the probability of becoming a micro-entrepreneur is more for being a female in the female intensive industry. The results reveal the existence gender differences with respect to magnitude and direction in the determinants of micro-entrepreneurship development. The influence of educational attainment is not found significant for female’s probability to become a handloom micro-entrepreneur. Financial inclusion of rural people coupled with proper utilization of credit accessed is crucial in handloom micro-enterprise development.

Keywords: Rural, Non-farm, Micro-entrepreneurship, Gender, Handloom, Assam

JEL Classification: L26, O17, O18, J16

Suggested Citation

Hazarika, Bhabesh and Goswami, Kishor, Rural Non-Farm Micro-Entrepreneurship or Not: Gender Issue in Decision Making (August 28, 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2598405 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2598405

Bhabesh Hazarika (Contact Author)

National Institute of Public Finance and Policy ( email )

18/2, Satsang Vihar Marg
New Delhi, 110067
India

Kishor Goswami

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur ( email )

Department of HSS
Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302
India
913222282270 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.iitkgp.ac.in/fac-profiles/showprofile.php?empcode=bVmVR&depts_name=HS

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