Sorting the Wolves from the Sheep

Military Police - PB 19-04-2, 2004

5 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2015

See all articles by Kevin H. Govern

Kevin H. Govern

Ave Maria University - Ave Maria School of Law

Date Written: October 1, 2004


The year 2004 marked the 15th anniversary of the combat operations that took place in the Republic of Panama in 1989-1990 during Operation Just Cause and Operation Promote Liberty. After investigations into the conduct of detainee operations in Iraq, and in commemoration of successful operations in Panama, this article recounts the operational and legal issues encountered there. Comments on displaced civilian (DC) and civilian internee (CI) issues relate primarily to enemy prisoner of war (EPW) status determination problems, not to the extensive civil affairs and civil military portions of Operation Promote Liberty.

Keywords: U.S. Army, Panamanian Defense Force, Las Fuerzas de Defensa de Panamá, Military Police, Detention Operations, Enemy Prisoner of War, Combatant, Displaced Civilian, Civilian Internee, Civil Affairs, Civil Military Operations, Operation Just Cause, Operation Promote Liberty, Panama, National Defense

JEL Classification: H 56, N40, N46

Suggested Citation

Govern, Kevin H., Sorting the Wolves from the Sheep (October 1, 2004). Military Police - PB 19-04-2, 2004. Available at SSRN:

Kevin H. Govern (Contact Author)

Ave Maria University - Ave Maria School of Law ( email )

1025 Commons Circle
Naples, FL 34119
United States
(239) 687-5390 (Phone)

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