Private School Competition and Public School Performance in Arizona
50 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2015
Date Written: January 2013
Advocates of school choice policies claim that private school competition would make public schools more efficient. I evaluate the effect of private school competition on public schools’ test scores in Arizona. Private schooling is treated as endogenous. I use the Arizona K-12 tax credit to build the first instrument based on religious denominations likely to donate to private schools. Also, I use measures of the population of private school students and schools as new instruments for private schooling. Moreover, I build grade-specific measures of private school competition. I find a strong positive effect of private school competition on scores in grade 4, and no significant effect on scores in grade 7.
Keywords: Tax credits, school choice, Arizona K-12 schools, Congregessions
JEL Classification: H70, I20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation