Labor Force Participation of Women in the EU – What Role Do Family Policies Play?

31 Pages Posted: 27 Apr 2015

See all articles by Agnieszka Gehringer

Agnieszka Gehringer

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - School of Law, Economics, Social Sciences

Stephan Klasen

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Date Written: April 17, 2015

Abstract

We empirically study the role of different family policies in determining women’s labor market behavior in the countries of the European Union between 1997 and 2008. Women tend to assume more family duties than men and, consequently, often participate less in the labor market. At the same time, family policies are to provide support to families while also helping women to reconcile family duties with labor market participation. Their impact, however, is not clear, especially when it comes to different forms of labor market activity. We use a static and dynamic panel econometric framework examining the link between four types of family policies and labor force participation and (part-time and full-time) employment. The results suggest no stable significant impact of any on overall labor force, but higher spending on family allowance, cash benefits daycare benefits appears to promote part-time employment, whereas only spending on parental leave schemes is a significant determinant of women's full-time employment.

Keywords: labor force participation, part-time employment, full-time employment, family policies, European Union

JEL Classification: H53, I38, J13, J21

Suggested Citation

Gehringer, Agnieszka and Klasen, Stephan, Labor Force Participation of Women in the EU – What Role Do Family Policies Play? (April 17, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2599282 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2599282

Agnieszka Gehringer (Contact Author)

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - School of Law, Economics, Social Sciences ( email )

Germany

Stephan Klasen

University of Goettingen (Gottingen) - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration ( email )

Platz der Goettinger Sieben 3
Goettingen, 37073
Germany
+49-551-397303 (Phone)
+49-551-397302 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: www.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/klasen.html

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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