African Mining, Gender, and Local Employment
45 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: April 27, 2015
It is a contentious issue whether large scale mining creates local employment, and the sector has been accused of hurting women?s labor supply and economic opportunities. This paper uses the rapid expansion of mining in Sub-Saharan Africa to analyze local structural shifts. It matches 109 openings and 84 closings of industrial mines to survey data for 800,000 individuals and exploits the spatial-temporal variation. With mine opening, women living within 20 km of a mine switch from self-employment in agriculture to working in services or they leave the work force. Men switch from agriculture to skilled manual labor. Effects are stronger in years of high world prices. Mining creates local boom-bust economies in Africa, with permanent effects on women?s labor market participation.
Keywords: Energy and Environment, Social Development & Poverty, Energy and Mining, Gender and Economic Policy, Economics and Gender, Gender and Poverty, Gender and Economics, Global Environment, Energy Demand
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