African Mining, Gender, and Local Employment

45 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Andreas Kotsadam

Andreas Kotsadam

University of Oslo - Department of Economics; Norwegian Social Research

Anja Benshaul-Tolonen

Barnard College - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 27, 2015


It is a contentious issue whether large scale mining creates local employment, and the sector has been accused of hurting women?s labor supply and economic opportunities. This paper uses the rapid expansion of mining in Sub-Saharan Africa to analyze local structural shifts. It matches 109 openings and 84 closings of industrial mines to survey data for 800,000 individuals and exploits the spatial-temporal variation. With mine opening, women living within 20 km of a mine switch from self-employment in agriculture to working in services or they leave the work force. Men switch from agriculture to skilled manual labor. Effects are stronger in years of high world prices. Mining creates local boom-bust economies in Africa, with permanent effects on women?s labor market participation.

Keywords: Energy and Environment, Social Development & Poverty, Energy and Mining, Gender and Economic Policy, Economics and Gender, Gender and Poverty, Gender and Economics, Global Environment, Energy Demand

Suggested Citation

Kotsadam, Andreas and Tolonen, Anja, African Mining, Gender, and Local Employment (April 27, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7251, Available at SSRN:

Andreas Kotsadam (Contact Author)

University of Oslo - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 1095 Blindern
N-0317 Oslo

Norwegian Social Research ( email )

Munthesgt. 29, N-0260

Anja Tolonen

Barnard College - Department of Economics ( email )

3009 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics