Gender and Corruption

IRIS Center Working Paper No. 232

33 Pages Posted: 15 Feb 2001

See all articles by Anand Swamy

Anand Swamy

Williams College

Young Lee

University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS)

Omar Azfar

University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS)

Stephen Knack

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: November 1999

Abstract

Using several independent data sets, we investigate an aspect of corruption that has received little attention: its differential incidence by gender. We show using micro data that women are less involved in bribery, and are less likely to condone bribe taking. Cross-country data show that corruption is less severe where women comprise a larger share of the labor force, and where women hold a larger share of parliamentary seats.

Keywords: gender, corruption, women

Suggested Citation

Swamy, Anand V. and Lee, Young and Azfar, Omar and Knack, Stephen, Gender and Corruption (November 1999). IRIS Center Working Paper No. 232. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=260062 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.260062

Anand V. Swamy

Williams College ( email )

Williamstown, MA 01267
United States

Young Lee

University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS)

2105 Morrill Hall
College Park, MD 20742
United States

Omar Azfar (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS) ( email )

2105 Morrill Hall
College Park, MD 20742
United States

Stephen Knack

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-9712 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/sknack

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