Data Security and Multi-Factor Authentication: Analysis of Requirements Under EU Law and in Selected EU Member States

72 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2015 Last revised: 24 Aug 2015

Elizabeth J Kennedy

Queen Mary University London, School of Law - Centre for Commercial Law Studies

Christopher Millard

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law - Centre for Commercial Law Studies; Oxford Internet Institute

Date Written: April 30, 2015

Abstract

This report (the “Report”) considers certain legal requirements relating to data security in the EU, and specifically the use of multi-factor authentication as a method of meeting the security obligations established by European Directive 95/46 EC on the processing of personal data (the “Directive”). Following this Executive Summary, the Report comprises two sections: a discussion of the requirements of data security under European data protection legislation, and a study of selected national positions.

Keywords: data security, cyber security, authentication, two-factor, multi-factor, Data Protection, data privacy, General Data Protection Regulation

Suggested Citation

Kennedy, Elizabeth J and Millard, Christopher, Data Security and Multi-Factor Authentication: Analysis of Requirements Under EU Law and in Selected EU Member States (April 30, 2015). Queen Mary School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 194/2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2600795

Elizabeth J Kennedy (Contact Author)

Queen Mary University London, School of Law - Centre for Commercial Law Studies ( email )

67-69 Lincoln's Inn Fileds
London, London WC2A 3JB
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.qmul.ac.uk/staff/kennedy.html

Christopher Millard

Queen Mary University of London, School of Law - Centre for Commercial Law Studies ( email )

67-69 Lincoln's Inn Fields
London, EC2A 3JB
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.qmul.ac.uk/staff/millard.html

Oxford Internet Institute

1 St Giles
Oxford, OX1 3JS
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/

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