Inward Foreign Direct Investment and Innovation: Evidence from Italian Provinces
36 Pages Posted: 1 May 2015
Date Written: March 27, 2015
This paper investigates empirically whether inward greenfield foreign direct investment (FDI) is related to greater sectorial innovation in the host Italian provinces. We combine several sources of data to estimate panel count models, regressing the annual number of patents in each province and industry against a series of lagged FDI variables. Our results show that a positive relationship between FDI and local patenting emerges only for services. In particular, we find that greater inward FDI in services positively influences local patenting activity in knowledge-intensive business services. These results are robust to endogeneity and the inclusion of province controls and fixed effects.
Keywords: inward greenfield FDI, innovation, patents, research and development, panel count models
JEL Classification: F14, F23, O31, C23
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