The Five-Factor Fama-French Model: International Evidence

51 Pages Posted: 3 May 2015 Last revised: 15 Oct 2015

Date Written: October 14, 2015


In this paper, I examine the five-factor model in 23 developed stock markets. Using the firm level data from July 1992 to December 2014, I form the 25 size-book to market, the 25 size-gross profitability (GP), and the 25 size-investment (Inv) portfolios. I use three factor, four factor and five factor models to explain the returns on these portfolios using regional as well as global factors. I find that the results for the five-factor model in North America, Europe, and Global markets are similar to the results for the U.S. stock market. But the results for gross profitability (GP) and investment (Inv.) suggest that these two new factors either do not add any explanatory power or are much weaker in Japan and Asia Pacific portfolios. The results also suggest that regional models perform much better than global models. This may imply that markets are still not fully integrated. With inclusion of the two new factors, the value factor still remains significant in all regions in contrast to the US market results.

Suggested Citation

Cakici, Nusret, The Five-Factor Fama-French Model: International Evidence (October 14, 2015). Available at SSRN: or

Nusret Cakici (Contact Author)

Fordham university ( email )

113 West 60th Street
New York, NY 10023
United States
2017473227 (Phone)
07446 (Fax)

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