Substitution Between Individual and Source Country Characteristics: Social Capital, Culture, and US Labor Market Outcomes Among Immigrant Women

41 Pages Posted: 7 May 2015

See all articles by Francine D. Blau

Francine D. Blau

Cornell University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Lawrence M. Kahn

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: April 29, 2015

Abstract

Using the New Immigrant Survey, we investigate the impact of immigrant women’s own labor supply prior to migrating and female labor supply in their source country on their labor supply and wages in the US. Women migrating from higher female labor supply countries work more in the US. Most of this effect remains after controlling for the women’s own labor supply prior to migrating, which itself also strongly positively affects US labor supply. We further find a significantly negative interaction between pre-migration labor supply and source country female labor supply. We obtain similar effects on hourly earnings among the employed.

Keywords: gender, immigration, labor supply, human capital

JEL Classification: J160, J220, J240, J610

Suggested Citation

Blau, Francine D. and Kahn, Lawrence M., Substitution Between Individual and Source Country Characteristics: Social Capital, Culture, and US Labor Market Outcomes Among Immigrant Women (April 29, 2015). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5306. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2603132

Francine D. Blau (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Department of Economics ( email )

265 Ives Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States
607-255-4381 (Phone)
607-255-4496 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/directory/fdb4/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Lawrence M. Kahn

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations ( email )

265 Ives Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States
607-255-0510 (Phone)
607-255-4496 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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