An Empirical Study for Achieving Economies of Scale by Utilization of (HHO) Hydrogen Hydroxy Gas as Additional Fuel

Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2015: ISSN 2224-3232 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0573 (Online)

11 Pages Posted: 8 May 2015

See all articles by Raees Lodhi

Raees Lodhi

Indus University, Karachi, Pakistan

Nawaz Ahmad

RTS (Research, Trainings, and Solutions); Institute of Business Management (IoBM)

Rizwan Ahmed

Indus University

Date Written: May 6, 2015

Abstract

The scarcity of fossil fuel and Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) has made every 2nd fuel user to think on some alternative resources, or at least devise some sort of technique to overcome the shortage of fuel during CNG holidays. Thus this study covers an overview of HHO gas production, principles behind the reactions and statistical examples, observations of many engineers and observers who determined to make a use of HHO as additional fuel source. Up to now studies reveals that it is possible to produce burnable vapors of HHO gas in result of hydrolysis of distilled water with combination of some electrolyte sodium or potassium hydro oxides.

That Mixture is generally called Hydrogen-Hydro oxide mixture (H-OH) can give 25%-28% efficiency to fuel combustion if used with fossil fuel. With thermodynamics advantages, by hydrolysis of steam and using different materials as electrode, using 1.3 volt to 1.7 volt at 0.4 A/cm² the total efficiency can be increased to 40-50% to enhance its utilization for industry use. But need to refine the misconceptions HHO gas is a standalone replacement of fossil fuel for a practical use in cars, scoters and other means of transport. This study suggest policy makers and entrepreneurs to take some supportive actions to promote HHO gas generators/kits production because this is a low cost solution to cover the shortage of fossil fuel.

Keywords: HHO, Hydrogen, Hydroxy, Brown gas, Fuel efficiency.

JEL Classification: C67, D61, Q42

Suggested Citation

Lodhi, Raees and Ahmad, Nawaz and Raheem, Ahmed, An Empirical Study for Achieving Economies of Scale by Utilization of (HHO) Hydrogen Hydroxy Gas as Additional Fuel (May 6, 2015). Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2015: ISSN 2224-3232 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0573 (Online). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2603279

Raees Lodhi

Indus University, Karachi, Pakistan ( email )

Indus University, Karachi
Karachi, PA Sindh 67000
Pakistan

Nawaz Ahmad (Contact Author)

RTS (Research, Trainings, and Solutions) ( email )

9th Nishat Lane, DHA 6
9th Nishat Lane, DHA 6
Karachi, Sindh 75500
Pakistan
00923009292422 (Phone)

Institute of Business Management (IoBM) ( email )

Plot # 84
Korangi Creek
Karachi, Sindh 75190
Pakistan

HOME PAGE: http://www.faculty.iobm.edu.pk/staff/nawaz-ahmad/

Ahmed Raheem

Indus University ( email )

ST-2D, Block 17, Gulshan-e-Iqbal
Gulshan-e-Iqbal
Karachi, Sindh 75300
Pakistan

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