The Location of Cross-Border Mergers & Acquisitions in the USA

38 Pages Posted: 7 May 2015

See all articles by Steven Brakman

Steven Brakman

University of Groningen - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Harry Garretsen

University of Groningen

Charles van Marrewijk

Utrecht University - School of Economics

Date Written: April 30, 2015

Abstract

The research on the location choice for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is traditionally restricted to a choice between countries. The within-country location choice is less prominent in the literature. If within-country location decisions are considered it is mostly limited to Greenfield investments. The vast majority of FDI, however, takes place in the form of cross-border Mergers & Acquisitions (M&As), and for this form of FDI (empirical) research on location choice within countries has been neglected. In this paper we analyze the within country location-target selection of M&As in the USA. Extending Guadalupe (2012), by introducing location choice, and applying the consequences of super-modularity of our model we analyze the within country location choice of (cross-border) M&As. Using a detailed firm level data set for all manufacturing sector M&As across the USA for the period 1985-2012, we compare location choices of cross-border M&As to that of national M&As. We find that: cross-border M&As are more spatially concentrated than national M&As, that cross-border M&As sort into larger agglomerations across the USA than national M&As, and that for both forms of M&As location specific market access in the USA as well as access to the rest of the world (through transport hubs) are key drivers for target selection.

Keywords: cross-border mergers and acquisitions, location choice, agglomeration

JEL Classification: F100, F120, L130

Suggested Citation

Brakman, Steven and Garretsen, Harry and van Marrewijk, Charles, The Location of Cross-Border Mergers & Acquisitions in the USA (April 30, 2015). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5331. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2603591

Steven Brakman (Contact Author)

University of Groningen - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 800
9700 AV Groningen
Netherlands
+31 50 363 3746 (Phone)
+31 50 363 3730 (Fax)

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Harry Garretsen

University of Groningen ( email )

Charles Van Marrewijk

Utrecht University - School of Economics ( email )

Kriekenpitplein 21-22
Adam Smith Building
Utrecht, 3584 EC
Netherlands
*31-(0)30-2539810 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.charlesvanmarrewijk.nl

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