Law, Bioethics, and Biotechnology

International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd ed., Vol. 13, James D. Wright, Editor, 2015, Forthcoming

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-52

9 Pages Posted: 10 May 2015

See all articles by Michele Goodwin

Michele Goodwin

University of California, Irvine School of Law

Allison Whelan

Government of the United States of America - Court of Appeals

Date Written: May 8, 2015

Abstract

This article examines the emergence of bioethics as a legal discourse and the relationship between technology and bioethics. As a field of study, bioethics functions as a tool to analyze the multifaceted conundrums presented by modern medicine and a way by which those problems can be addressed. This article provides an overview of this broad field of study, beginning with the development of the Nuremberg Code, Declaration of Helsinki, and Belmont Report, and addressing the pivotal medical cases that ultimately spur legislative action, the drafting of codes of professional ethics, and the shaping of legal discourse. The article offers insights on several twentieth-century cases that inspired the development of bioethics in the United States and beyond and has since influenced the development of bioethics and technology throughout the world.

Keywords: Bioethics, biotechnology, science, law, human research, informed consent, experimentation, Tuskegee Study, Nuremberg Trial, Nuremberg Code, Declaration of Helsinki, contraception, HIV, autonomy, Willowbrook, prisoner research

Suggested Citation

Goodwin, Michele and Whelan, Allison, Law, Bioethics, and Biotechnology (May 8, 2015). International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd ed., Vol. 13, James D. Wright, Editor, 2015, Forthcoming; UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-52. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2604187

Michele Goodwin (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine School of Law ( email )

401 E. Peltason Dr.
Ste. 1000
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States

Allison Whelan

Government of the United States of America - Court of Appeals ( email )

New Haven, CT
United States

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