CardioAlert: A Heart Rate Based Decision Support System for Improving Choices Related to Negative or Positive Future Events

22 Pages Posted: 10 May 2015 Last revised: 1 Aug 2015

See all articles by Patrizio E. Tressoldi

Patrizio E. Tressoldi

Università di Padova

Massimiliano Martinelli

University of Padua - Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale

Jacopo Torre

University of Padua - Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale

Sara Zanette

University of Padua - Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale

Gian Marco Duma

University of Padua

Date Written: June 29, 2015

Abstract

With this study, we investigated the possibility of exploiting the psychophysiological predictive anticipatory activity to avoid random negative events by using a portable device we named CardioAlert. The device uses the heart rate to send an alert when a negative event is anticipated, thus giving the individual an opportunity to change his/her choice.

In an exploratory experiment, one-hundred participants were asked to choose between two alternatives which had a random chance of leading to a “winning” outcome. Participants obtained 52.5% of “winning” choices when using the CardioAlert and 48.2% when they were not using it (effect size = 0.18; 95% confidence interval -.02 to .38).

The results of a pre-registered confirmatory experiment confirmed the main findings of the exploratory one. The mean percentage of positive choices was 52.7% when using the CardioAlert with an effect size of 0.23, 95% confidence interval .03 to .43.

A conceptual replication experiment which used the heart rate PPAA to avoid the negative event automatically instead of voluntarily, correctly predicted the occurrence of 56.3% of negative events with an effect size of 0.69, 95% confidence interval .47 to .91.

These findings suggest that psychophysiological predictive anticipatory activity can be exploited for developing practical decision supporting systems.

Keywords: predictive anticipatory activity; random events; decision supporting systems; heart rate

Suggested Citation

Tressoldi, Patrizio E. and Martinelli, Massimiliano and Torre, Jacopo and Zanette, Sara and Duma, Gian Marco, CardioAlert: A Heart Rate Based Decision Support System for Improving Choices Related to Negative or Positive Future Events (June 29, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2604206 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2604206

Patrizio E. Tressoldi (Contact Author)

Università di Padova ( email )

via Venezia 8
Padova, 35131
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.patriziotressoldi.it

Massimiliano Martinelli

University of Padua - Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale ( email )

Padua
Italy

Jacopo Torre

University of Padua - Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale ( email )

via Venezia 8
Padova, 35131
Italy

Sara Zanette

University of Padua - Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale ( email )

via Venezia 8
Padova, 35131
Italy

Gian Marco Duma

University of Padua ( email )

Via 8 Febbraio 1848, 2
Padova, 35122
Italy

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