Franchise Reforms in the Age of Migration: Why Do Governments Grant Voting Rights to Noncitizens?

34 Pages Posted: 17 May 2015 Last revised: 17 Jun 2015

See all articles by Guillermo Toral

Guillermo Toral

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science; Vanderbilt University

Date Written: April 11, 2015

Abstract

This article examines the enfranchisement of noncitizens and seeks to explain governments' decisions about whether to include or exclude them from the vote. By focusing on the incentives behind incumbents' decisions, the article argues that partisanship, inequality, and immigration are the factors driving the (dis)enfranchisement of noncitizens. The theory leads to a number of testable hypotheses that are then subjected to regression analyses using an original dataset of 33 democracies in the period 1960-2010. The results indicate that while franchise reforms to include noncitizens are more likely to be passed by left-wing governments, noncitizen voting rights are highest at intermediate levels of immigration. The findings are relevant for an emerging literature of quantitative studies of immigrant rights, as well as for the literature on franchise extensions along lines of class and gender.

Keywords: migration, voting rights, noncitizens, immigration

Suggested Citation

Toral, Guillermo and Toral, Guillermo, Franchise Reforms in the Age of Migration: Why Do Governments Grant Voting Rights to Noncitizens? (April 11, 2015). MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2015-12, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2604981 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2604981

Guillermo Toral (Contact Author)

Vanderbilt University ( email )

VU Station B #351817
Nashville, TN 37235-1817
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.guillermotoral.com

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences, Department of Political Science ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States

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