Global Macroeconomic Performance: A Comparative Study Based on Composite Scores

Journal of Reviews on Global Economics, Volume 4, 2015

Posted: 13 May 2015

Date Written: April 5, 2015

Abstract

This paper proposes a composite indicator designed to summarise in a single statistic a variety of different facets of macroeconomic performance and assesses relative performances of countries with respect to six macroeconomic variables, viz., the growth rate of real GDP, real per capita GDP, unemployment rate, fiscal balance, rate of inflation, and current account balance. An appropriate mathematical model to aggregate these variables to form composite scores has been implemented by adopting the MCDM (Multiple Criteria Decision Making) technique of TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution). This allows a parsimonious representation of a variety of different facets of macroeconomic performance and its inter-temporal comparison across countries. The distinctive features of the indicator relate to the domains covered, the normalisation methodology and the weights used for aggregation. Some existing indices like the Okun index and the Calmfors index turn out to be special cases of our proposed index. The data comprising a wide spectrum of countries and spanning the pre- and post-crisis years allow us to capture the effect of the recent global financial and economic crisis on the overall macroeconomic performance of countries relative to others. Not only do the relative performance scores show tremendous variability during the postcrisis years, but the measures of disarray are also at their highest, despite there being overall stability in the country rankings in terms of indicators, which are traditionally relied on, like GDP growth or per-capita GDP. A single graphical plot easily identifies countries that have performed consistently over time, and those whose overall macroeconomic performances have deteriorated sharply relative to others during the post-crisis years.

Keywords: Macroeconomic Performance, Correspondence Analysis, Composite Scores, Country Rankings, Measures of Disarray, TOPSIS, Entropy

JEL Classification: C4, O57

Suggested Citation

Chattopadhyay, Somnath and Bose, Suchismita, Global Macroeconomic Performance: A Comparative Study Based on Composite Scores (April 5, 2015). Journal of Reviews on Global Economics, Volume 4, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2605488

Somnath Chattopadhyay (Contact Author)

Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata ( email )

203 B.T. Road
Kolkata, West Bengal 700108
India

Suchismita Bose

ICRA Ltd ( email )

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498 Anna Salai
Chennai, 600 035
India
+91 44 2434 0043 (Phone)
+91 44 2434 3663 (Fax)

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