One-Door-One-Key Principle: Observations Regarding Integration of GM Authorization Procedures in the EU

Wageningen Working Paper in Law and Governance 2015/02

21 Pages Posted: 15 May 2015

See all articles by Bernd van der Meulen

Bernd van der Meulen

European Institute for Food Law; University of Copenhagen - Institute of Food and Resource Economics

Neshe Yusuf

Wageningen UR - Law and Governance Group

Date Written: May 13, 2015

Abstract

Under European Union (EU) law, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) for consumption require authorizations for cultivation, for use in human food, and for use in animal feed. The recast of the legislative framework in 2003 introduced the “one-door-one-key principle.” This principle links and integrates the procedures to acquire these three authorizations partly in a mandatory and partly in an optional manner. Even though the EU legislature perceives the three authorizations as intrinsically linked, in practice considerable differences can be observed in the presence of GMOs on the EU market for cultivation, for feed use, and for food use. Partly these differences are reflected in differences in authorization.

This paper traces the one-door-one-key principle in EU GMO food law; its content is an application. Based on literature and a few interviews, it attempts to explain the gap between legal theory and business practice.

Keywords: EU, Food Law, GMO, One-door-one-key-principle

JEL Classification: K23, K32

Suggested Citation

van der Meulen, Bernd M.J. and Yusuf, Neshe, One-Door-One-Key Principle: Observations Regarding Integration of GM Authorization Procedures in the EU (May 13, 2015). Wageningen Working Paper in Law and Governance 2015/02. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2605766 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2605766

Bernd M.J. Van der Meulen (Contact Author)

European Institute for Food Law ( email )

Muzenplein 3
Amsterdam, 1077wc
Netherlands

University of Copenhagen - Institute of Food and Resource Economics ( email )

Rolighedsvej 25
Copenhagen, 1958
Denmark

Neshe Yusuf

Wageningen UR - Law and Governance Group ( email )

Hollandseweg 1
Wageningen, 6706KN
Netherlands

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