Performance Evaluation of Wastewater Stabilization Ponds in Yazd-Iran
Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal 2014; 1(1): 7–12
6 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2015
Date Written: November 19, 2014
Background: Yazd waste stabilization pond facilities consist of three stabilization pond systems, module 1, module 2 and module 3 that AWSP module 1 has started its operation. The existing facilities have had several problems in their operation. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the performance of stabilization ponds in wastewater treatment of the city of Yazd, due to several problems in their operation, and to prepare a scheme of its upgrading, if necessary.
Methods: During the period from December to June 2010, data analysis were carried out for both raw and treated wastewater.
Results: Results of these investigations showed that the average effluent concentrations of Biochemical Oxygen Demand 5 (BOD5), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Suspended Solid (SS) taken from anaerobic pond and secondary facultative ponds of module 1 were 306.9, 135.18, 139.75 and 136.75, 69.025, 136.5 mg/L, respectively.
Conclusion: These results indicated that the effluent of the anaerobic pond of module 1 was complied with the Iranian treated wastewater standards for agricultural reuse in terms of BOD5 and COD concentrations; hence the secondary facultative ponds could be changed to other primary facultative ponds in order to increase the capacity of wastewater treatment plant.
Keywords: Biological wastewater treatment, Stabilization pond, Yazd
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