Vertical Transmission of Overweight: Evidence from English Adoptees

36 Pages Posted: 21 May 2015

See all articles by Joan Costa-Font

Joan Costa-Font

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Mireia Jofre-Bonet

City University London - Department of Economics

Julian Le Grand

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Date Written: October 2016

Abstract

We examine the vertical transmission of overweight drawing upon a sample of English children, both adopted and non-adopted, and their families. Our results suggest strong evidence of an inter-generational association of overweight between adopted children and their adoptive parents, indicating transmission through cultural factors. We find that, when both adoptive parents are overweight, the likelihood of an adopted child being overweight is between 10 and 20 percentual points higher than when they are not. We also find that the cultural transmission of overweight is not aggravated by having a full-time working mother, so do not confirm the existence of a female labour market participation penalty on child overweight among adoptees. Overall, our findings are robust to a battery of robustness checks and specifications.

Keywords: vertical transmission, cultural transmission, overweight, children, natural parents, Body Mass Index, sample selection

JEL Classification: I180, D130, Z100

Suggested Citation

Costa-Font, Joan and Jofre-Bonet, Mireia and Le Grand, Julian, Vertical Transmission of Overweight: Evidence from English Adoptees (October 2016). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5351. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2608349

Joan Costa-Font

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://joancostaifont.org/

Mireia Jofre-Bonet (Contact Author)

City University London - Department of Economics ( email )

Northampton Square
London, EC1V 0HB
United Kingdom

Julian Le Grand

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

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