Multidimensional Human Opportunity Index

19 Pages Posted: 25 May 2015 Last revised: 13 Dec 2015

Date Written: August 21, 2015


One fact that emerges from the evaluation of the Millennium Development Goals is that not all countries met all the goals and there are significant complimentaries among failing on specific goals. This paper proposes the Multidimensional Human Opportunity Index (MHOI) that focuses on these complimentarities among access to multiple services. We focus on access to services for children, with the aim of capturing equality in opportunity for children from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. This index builds on the Human Opportunity Index (HOI) of the World Bank that measures children’s access to basic service, such as access to clean water. However, the MHOI differs from the parent index in so far as we measure joint access to multiple services or access to a bundle of services. We apply the MHOI to the two Himalayan states of South Asia, Nepal and Bhutan data and show that although each basic service is available to a large proportion of the population, only two-thirds in Bhutan and one half in Nepal have access to the bundle of basic services in 2011-12.

Suggested Citation

Islam, T. M. Tonmoy and Mitra, Shabana, Multidimensional Human Opportunity Index (August 21, 2015). Available at SSRN: or

T. M. Tonmoy Islam (Contact Author)

Elon University ( email )

Elon, NC 27244
United States


Shabana Mitra

Shiv Nadar University ( email )

NH-91, Tehsil Dadri

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