With a Bang, Not a Whimper: Pricking Germany's 'Stock Market Bubble' in 1927 and the Slide into Depression
U. Pompeu Fabra Economics Working Paper No. 516
43 Pages Posted: 22 Feb 2001
Date Written: January 18, 2001
In May 1927, the German central bank intervened indirectly to reduce lending to equity investors. The crash that followed ended the only stock market boom during Germany's relative stabilization 1924-28. This paper examines the factors that lead to the intervention as well as its consequences. We argue that genuine concern about the 'exuberant' level of the stock market, in addition to worries about an inflow of foreign funds, tipped the scales in favour of intervention. The evidence strongly suggests that the German central bank under Hjalmar Schacht was wrong to be concerned about stockprices-there was no bubble. Also, the Reichsbank was mistaken in its belief that a fall in the market would reduce the importance of short-term foreign borrowing, and help to ease conditions in the money market. The misguided intervention had important real effects. Investment suffered, helping to tip Germany into depression.
Keywords: Stock market, foreign lending, fixed exchange rates, asset prices, bubbles, Germany, monetary policy
JEL Classification: E31, E43, E44, N14, N24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation