Why Do Firms Engage in Selective Hedging? Evidence from the Gold Mining Industry
44 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2015
Date Written: June 3, 2015
The widespread practice of managers speculating by incorporating their market views into firms’ hedging programs (“selective hedging”) remains a puzzle. Using a 10-year sample of North American gold mining firms, we find no evidence that selective hedging is more prevalent among firms that are believed to possess an information advantage. In contrast, we find strong evidence that selective hedging is more prevalent among financially constrained firms, suggesting that this practice is driven by asset substitution motives. We detect weak relationships between selective hedging and some corporate governance measures but find no evidence of a link between selective hedging and managerial compensation.
Keywords: Corporate risk management, selective hedging, speculation, financial distress, corporate governance, managerial compensation
JEL Classification: G11; G14; G32; G39
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation