UN Peacekeeping Forces Capability to Recover the Economic Conditions Viewed from Balance of Forces Perspectives (Study of Indonesian Mission in Congo)
8 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2015 Last revised: 8 Jun 2015
Date Written: June 4, 2015
The development of the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping mission models in the multdimensional peacekeeping forces is increasing with the demanding of the complexity of forces capability. This condition makes some linear aspects with the mission objectives which are also more diverse. In conflict situations, a general assumption has been that security stability is a major factor that must be achieved. In this paper we analyze the relationship between the UN forces capability and the achievement of peace in the long-term condition. After conducting the qualitative research based on historical research and case study that occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the triangulation of various informants, it is found that long-term peace will be achieved if a balance is achieved between security stability and economic recovery. Especially to asses the economic recovery variable, we use the macroeconomic indicators such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Inflation Rate and Unemployment Rate. This condition can be achieved through synergy between the transformation of the UN mission such as peace enforcement and peacekeeping without occurred the dispute mandate and ability to recover all the elements of the poverty recovery such as individuals, families, communities and the creation of economic activities comprehensively. It must be supported by security guarantees from both of the DRC Armed Forces and UN peacekeeping Forces. Although the condition is reached gradually, Congo turned out quite specifically indicate the presence of some interests from certain parties in the name of UN peace operations mission so that conflicts tend to be protracted and prolonged.
Keywords: Multidimensional Peacekeeping, Security Stability, Economic Recovery, UN Peacekeeping Forces, Macroeconomic Indicators
JEL Classification: L1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation