Calibrating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Life Cycle Assessment: Accounting for Legal Boundaries and Post-Export Markets

Canadian Institute of Resources Law, Occasional Paper No. 49

52 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2015

See all articles by James W. Coleman

James W. Coleman

Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law

Adebola Kasumu

University of Calgary

Jeanne Liendo

University of Calgary

Vivian Li

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Sarah M. Jordaan

Johns Hopkins University - Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS)

Date Written: June 1, 2015

Abstract

The climate impact of liquefied natural gas (LNG) export from North America is one of the most pressing questions for Canadian and world energy policy today. This paper performs the first life cycle assessment (LCA) of the greenhouse gas emissions from LNG exports from Canada, assuming that importing countries use the natural gas for electricity generation. It shows that the climate impact of LNG depends on where it is sent. If LNG from Canada displaces electricity in coal-dependent countries, it will likely lower global greenhouse gas emissions. If it displaces electricity from countries that rely on low carbon sources such as hydroelectricity and nuclear power, it will likely increase global emissions. A broad suite of policy and regulatory measures is discussed for reducing greenhouse gas emissions due to LNG export, from life cycle regulation to facility-level emissions management.

Keywords: liquefied natural gas, climate change, natural gas exports, energy policy, energy trade

Suggested Citation

Coleman, James W. and Kasumu, Adebola and Liendo, Jeanne and Li, Vivian and Jordaan, Sarah M., Calibrating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Life Cycle Assessment: Accounting for Legal Boundaries and Post-Export Markets (June 1, 2015). Canadian Institute of Resources Law, Occasional Paper No. 49. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2615070

James W. Coleman (Contact Author)

Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 750116
Dallas, TX 75275
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.smu.edu/professor-profiles/coleman

Adebola Kasumu

University of Calgary ( email )

University Drive
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

Jeanne Liendo

University of Calgary ( email )

University Drive
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

Vivian Li

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) ( email )

77 Massachusetts Avenue
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02139-4307
United States

Sarah M. Jordaan

Johns Hopkins University - Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) ( email )

United States

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