Spillover Effects of Early-Life Medical Interventions

80 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2015

See all articles by Sanni Breining

Sanni Breining

Aarhus University

N. Meltem Daysal

Tilburg University; IZA

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business

Mircea Trandafir

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics

Abstract

We investigate the spillover effects of early-life medical treatments on the siblings of treated children. We use a regression discontinuity design that exploits changes in medical treatments across the very low birth weight (VLBW) cutoff. Using administrative data from Denmark, we first confirm the findings in the previous literature that children who are slightly below the VLBW cutoff have better short- and long-term health, and higher math test scores in 9th grade. We next investigate spillover effects on siblings and find no evidence of an impact on their health outcomes. However, we find substantial positive spillovers on all our measures of academic achievement.Our estimates suggest that siblings of focal children who were slightly below the VLBW cutoff have higher 9th grade language and math test scores, as well as higher probability of enrolling in a high school by age 19. Our results suggest that improved interactions within the family may be an important pathway behind the observed spillover effects.

Keywords: medical care, birth, children, schooling, spillovers

JEL Classification: I11, I12, I18, I21, J13

Suggested Citation

Breining, Sanni and Daysal, N. Meltem and Simonsen, Marianne and Trandafir, Mircea, Spillover Effects of Early-Life Medical Interventions. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9086, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2615250

Sanni Breining (Contact Author)

Aarhus University ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

N. Meltem Daysal

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, DC Noord-Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.meltemdaysal.com

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.meltemdaysal.com

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Building 326
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1599 (Phone)

Mircea Trandafir

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics ( email )

DK-5230 Odense
Denmark

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