Los Retos Del Desarrollo Latinoamericano a La Luz De La Historia (The Challenges of Latin American Development in the Light of History)

Cuadernos de Economía, Vol. 34, No. 66, (Special Issue 2015), 479-506, DOI: 10.15446/cuad.econ.v34n66.49416

30 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2015

See all articles by José Antonio Ocampo

José Antonio Ocampo

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA)

Date Written: June 1, 2015

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Este ensayo analiza los retos del desarrollo latinoamericano a la luz de la historia y de los fuertes cambios recientes en el contexto económico undial. Muestra el mediocre desempeño económico de la región a partir de as reformas en comparación con el periodo de industrialización dirigida por el Estado que lo precedió, aunque con resultados positivos durante la última écada en materia social. A la luz de estos resultados y de las ncertidumbres que rodean la economía mundial, plantea tres retos rincipales: adoptar políticas macroeconómicas anticíclicas más onsistentes, estrategias activas de desarrollo productivo y continuar en la area de reducir los altos niveles históricos de desigualdad.

English Abstract: This paper discusses the challenges of Latin American development in the light of history and of the strong recent changes in the world economic context. This text highlights the mediocre economic performance of the region after the reforms compared to the period of state-led industrialization that preceded it, even though there were positive results in social matters during the last decade. In light of these results and the uncertainties surrounding the global economy, three main challenges arise: to adopt more consistent countercyclical macroeconomic policies, active productive development strategies, and to continue the task of reducing historically high levels of inequality.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Latin America, countercyclical policies, industrialization, commodity inequality

JEL Classification: E61, N16, N66, O54

Suggested Citation

Ocampo, Jose Antonio, Los Retos Del Desarrollo Latinoamericano a La Luz De La Historia (The Challenges of Latin American Development in the Light of History) (June 1, 2015). Cuadernos de Economía, Vol. 34, No. 66, (Special Issue 2015), 479-506, DOI: 10.15446/cuad.econ.v34n66.49416, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2617504

Jose Antonio Ocampo (Contact Author)

Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA) ( email )

420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

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