Independent Schools and Long‐Run Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Sweden's Large‐Scale Voucher Reform

44 Pages Posted: 14 Jun 2015

Date Written: July 2015

Abstract

We estimate effects on educational outcomes from the expansion of the independent school sector in Sweden, which followed as a consequence of the radical 1992 voucher reform. Using variation in this expansion across municipalities, we find that an increase in the share of independent school students improves average short‐ and long‐run outcomes, explained primarily by external effects (e.g. school competition). For most outcomes, we observe significant effects first a decade after the reform. By using regional level TIMSS data, we can reconcile our results with the negative national trend for Swedish students in international achievement tests.

Suggested Citation

Böhlmark, Anders and Lindahl, Mikael, Independent Schools and Long‐Run Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Sweden's Large‐Scale Voucher Reform (July 2015). Economica, Vol. 82, Issue 327, pp. 508-551, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2618127 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecca.12130

Anders Böhlmark (Contact Author)

Stockholm University

Universitetsvägen 10
Stockholm, SE-106 91
Sweden

Mikael Lindahl

Uppsala University ( email )

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