Does the Gender Mix Among Employers Influence Who Gets Hired? A Labor Market Experiment
Jena Economic Research Papers 2015-007
49 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2015 Last revised: 19 Jun 2015
Date Written: June 9, 2015
We consider in this paper whether the gender mix at the level of decision-makers in firms can influence gender representation at the employee level. We run a laboratory experiment whereby we present a pair of independent employers with applications from two potential employees. We consider whether the gender of the other employer will influence an employer's hiring decision. We find that the gender mix among employers plays a role in the individual hiring decisions of female members. Female employers when paired with a male employer are more likely to choose a female applicant over an equally competent male applicant. Results of an Implicit Association Test (IAT) and answers to a post-experimental questionnaire show that explicit beliefs about relative gender performance are significantly associated with the observed hiring bias, while implicit attitudes do not appear to play a role.
Keywords: discrimination, hiring, IAT, implicit attitudes, gender quotas, labor markets, employment
JEL Classification: J71, J78, C91
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation