How Much Can Illiquidity Affect Corporate Debt Yield Spread?
43 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2015 Last revised: 20 Jun 2016
Date Written: April 21, 2016
We present a structural method for measuring the upper bound for the illiquidity risk of liabilities issued by a levered firm. The method calculates the upper bound of illiquidity spread of a corporate bond given its duration and the issuing firm’s asset risk and leverage ratio. Consistent with the empirical literature the illiquidity spread is positively related to the issuing firm’s asset risk and leverage ratio and the illiquidity component increases with a bond’s credit quality. The term structure of illiquidity spread has a humped shape, where its maximum level depends on the firm's leverage ratio. Finally, we demonstrate how the method’s implied restricted trading period can be used as a measure for illiquidity in the bonds’ market.
Keywords: corporate bonds, illiquidity, illiquidity spread, yield spread, financial crises
JEL Classification: G01, G12, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation