Euroscepticism and the Crisis: Evidence from a 108-Elections Panel Study
26 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2015 Last revised: 26 Apr 2016
Date Written: June 18, 2015
The recent European elections have shown a sharp rise in parties and independent parliament members generally perceived as “Eurosceptic”. Against this background, this paper analyses the interconnections between distressed economies, the fall of confidence in traditional political parties, and the electoral success of hard-line Eurosceptic parties. On a panel of 108 elections between 2008 and 2015, the random-effects model shows the relative impact of long and short term political trust, economic performance indicators, and institutional variables in determining the rise of hard-line Eurosceptic parties. In contrast with previous studies, which tended to de-emphasize the impact of economic performance in determining the success of Eurosceptic forces, the results of this paper detect both a direct and a mediated impact of the economic crisis on the electoral success of hard-line Eurosceptic parties.
Keywords: Euroscepticism, EU, European Union, Extreme right, eurocrisis, european integration
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