Partisan Bias, Economic Expectations, and Household Spending
48 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2015 Last revised: 12 Apr 2018
Date Written: April 4, 2018
The well-documented rise in political polarization among the U.S. electorate over the past 20 years has been accompanied by a substantial increase in the effect of partisan bias on survey-based measures of economic expectations. Individuals have a more optimistic view on future economic conditions when they are more closely affiliated with the party that controls the White House, and this tendency has increased significantly over time. Individuals report a large shift in economic expectations based on partisan affiliation after the 2008 and 2016 elections, but administrative data on spending shows no effect of these shifts on actual household spending.
Keywords: consumer confidence, government, economic, policy, sentiment, news, noise, spending, consumption, elections, voting, polarization, Trump, elections
JEL Classification: E20, E21, E60
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation