동남아 주요국 노동시장의 환경 변화와 우리나라의 대응전략 (Study on Recent Change in Labor Market Environment in Southeast Asia and Kora's Strategies)

229 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2015

See all articles by Sungil Kwak

Sungil Kwak

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Chankwon Bae

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Jae Wan Cheong

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Jae-Ho Lee

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Date Written: December 30, 2014

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 본 연구는 동남아 주요국에 진출한 우리 기업이 가장 민감하게 여기는 투자요인 가운데 하나인 노동시장의 환경변화를 분석했다. 먼저 노동시장의 환경변화를 가져온 배경을 규명하고 이를 바탕으로 노동시장의 특징을 파악하였다. 특히 동남아 국가에 대한 해외직접투자 증가가 노동시장의 여건을 변화시킨 가장 주요한 원인으로 지목되므로 이를 분석의 출발점으로 삼았다. 또한 동남아 노동시장의 환경변화에 따른 우리 기업의 대응을 실증분석하고, 이미 동남아에 진출한 기업들을 대상으로 향후 대응방안에 대해 설문조사를 수행하였다. 조사결과를 토대로 동남아에 진출한 우리 기업, 특히 중소기업이 경영관리 차원의 현지화에 집중하고 있음을 파악하였고 다른 차원의 현지화 전략을 검토할 시점임을 강조하였다. 나아가 정부가 현재 다양한 방식으로 해외진출기업 지원사업을 추진하고 있지만, 그 적용 범위를 확대하고 산업별·기술수준별로 차이를 둘 필요가 있음을 강조하였다.

English Abstract: We have investigated the background that has brought major changes to the labor market environment in Southeast Asia. We have also identified the characteristics of the labor market. In particular, the increase in foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Southeast Asian countries serves as a starting point for this analysis, because the flow of FDI, we believe, is the most important cause of changing conditions in the labor market. In addition, we have explored whether the investment decisions of Korean firms are affected by the changes in the labor markets in the areas, through both empirical analysis and a corporate survey about their strategies to overcome the changes. We find that Korean firms, particularly, small and medium sized enterprises, mainly focus on localization at the management level. Furthermore, based on the findings, we have provided improved ways to support the Korean firms working in Southeast Asian markets.

Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.

Keywords: Study on Recent Change in Environmentin and Korea's Strategies, Labor Market, Foreign Directinvestment-Southeast Asian Countries, Labor market environment, Southeast Asia

Suggested Citation

Kwak, Sungil and Bae, Chankwon and Cheong, Jae Wan and Lee, Jae-Ho, 동남아 주요국 노동시장의 환경 변화와 우리나라의 대응전략 (Study on Recent Change in Labor Market Environment in Southeast Asia and Kora's Strategies) (December 30, 2014). KIEP Research Paper No. Policy Analysis 14-18. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2621364 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2621364

Sungil Kwak (Contact Author)

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Chankwon Bae

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Jae Wan Cheong

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Jae-Ho Lee

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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